AWS Transit Gateway Orchestrator Plan

The AWS Transit Gateway (TGW) Orchestrator Plan is the first stage in deploying a Next Gen Transit Network using AWS Transit Gateway. After you go through the Plan stage configuration, you can proceed to the Build stage to attach VPCs.

For background information, refer to AWS Transit Gateway Orchestrator FAQ.

The plan stage consists of three sections:

  1. Create AWS Transit Gateway. This is the only must-do section in Plan before you start to Build (attach VPCs) and consists of Step 1. In this section, an AWS Transit Gateway and three connected Security Domains are created.
  2. Create Segmented Network. This is an optional section. It consists of Step 2 and Step 3. This section creates your own additional Security Domains and define Connection policies. This section is entirely modular and you can modify at any time.
  3. Create Hybrid, multi region or multi cloud Connection. This is an optional section. It consists of Step 4, Step 5 and Step 6. This section launches an Aviatrix Transit Gateway at the edge VPC, builds a hybrid connection to on-prem or another Aviatrix Transit gateway cluster, or deploys Transit DMZ . If you need hybrid connectivity, Step 4, 5 and 6 must all be executed and in sequence to complete this section. This section is entirely modular and you can modify at any time.

In the planning stage, think about what network segmentation you need to achieve. For example, do you need to segment Dev/QA VPCs from your Prod VPCs, i.e., no connectivity is allowed between these VPCs in each group? The plan stage creates Transit Gateway and Transit Gateway route tables in AWS. There is no charge either by AWS or Aviatrix.

If you have not decided on network segmentation, no worries. Proceed to build a full mesh network by using the Default_Domain.

Tip

You can modify your plan at any time. Simply return to the Plan page and create security domains and change connection policies.

The Transit Gateway Orchestrator Plan workflow provides a step by step instruction to define and setup your policies.

1. Create AWS TGW

In order to use AWS Transit Gateway service, you must first create a AWS Transit Gateway.

This step creates a AWS Transit Gateway in a specified region with a specified AWS account, the Aviatrix Controller also automatically creates the Default_Domain, the Shared_Service_Domain and the Aviatrix_Edge_Domain and the corresponding AWS Transit Gateway route tables.

create_tgw

Note that the three domains are connected, implying that if you attach a VPC to the Default Domain or Shared Service Domain, the VPCs can communicate with each other and can access on-prem through the Aviatrix Edge Domain.

Setting Value
Account Name An Aviatrix account that corresponds to an IAM role or account in AWS.
Region One of the AWS regions
TGW Name The name of the AWS Transit Gateway
AWS Side AS Number Default AS number is 64512. This field currently is not used.

After AWS Transit Gateway is created, you can validate by going to View page and seeing what has been created.


This section includes step 2 & 3 to plan a segmented network.

2. Create a New Security Domain

If you plan to build a default network (full mesh), skip this section.

You can make changes to your network segmentation at any time, simply come back to this page.

If you plan to build a segmented network, use this section to create a new Security Domain and setup connection policies.

In the example below, a new domain called prod_domain is created.

new_domain

Setting Value
TGW Name The name of the AWS Transit Gateway
Security Domain Name Specify a unique domain name. For example, Dev_Domain
Aviatrix Firewall Domain Check this box if this domain is for Aviatrix Firewall Network.
Native Egress Domain Check this box if this domain is for non Aviatrix Firewall Network based central Internet bound traffic
Native Firewall Domain Check this box if this domain is for non Aviatrix Firewall Network based firewall traffic inspection

3. Build Your Domain Connection Policies

This step specifies the connection relationship of one domain to others. Two connected domains imply that VPCs in each domain can communicate with each other despite the fact that they are in different domains. The Aviatrix Controller takes care of both VPC route table and AWS Transit Gateway route table programming and updates.

Highlight a domain on the left panel and click Add, the domain will appear to the right.

In the example shown below, the intention is to connect the newly created prod_domain in Step 2 to the Aviatrix_Edge_Domain so that VPCs in the prod_domain can communicate with on-prem servers and hosts.

connect_domain_1

Continue from the above example, you can connect prod_domain to Shared_Service_Domain, as shown below.

connect_domain_2

Click the View page under AWS Transit Gateway Orchestrator and click each expandable circle to see what has been created, as shown below.

plan_view


This section is for hybrid, multi region or multi cloud connections, it includes Step 4, 5 & 6. It sets up connection to on-prem datacenter over Direct Connect or Internet.

4. Setup Aviatrix Transit GW

If your deployment does not require on-prem connection or to another Transit gateway, skip this section. Later when the requirement changes, return to this section and start with Step 4 to setup.

Tip

Create a new transit VPC at Useful Tools -> Create a VPC. Select the option “Aviatrix Transit VPC”. If you would like to continue to use your existing transit VPC and it is too small (not enough of /28 unused segments), use AWS Edit VPC CIDR feature to create a new /24 subnet for the Aviatrix Transit Gateway in TGW use case.

4.1 Non DMZ Transit Network

Non DMZ Transit refers to the configuration where Aviatrix Transit gateway at the edge VPC connects to on-prem in the following scenarios,

  • AWS VGW
  • External Device over Direct Connect or Internet
  • Aviatrix Appliance CloudN.

transit_gw

Step 4.1 is to take a detour to set up an Aviatrix Transit GW if you have not done so. Follow the the Transit Network workflow and complete Transit Network workflow Steps 1, 2 and 3.

When complete, return to this section and continue to Step 5 in this workflow to Enable Aviatrix Transit GW for Hybrid Connection.

4.2 Transit DMZ

If you plan to deploy Transit DMZ as shown below, follow the Transit DMZ workflow to launch the gateways and complete Transit DMZ workflow Step 1, Step 2 and Step 3. Step 4 can be setup at any time later.

transit_dmz

When complete, you are done!

(The next two steps, Step 5 and Step 6 in this workflow should have already been executed for the Main gateway, i.e., you can skip the next two steps.)

5. Prepare Aviatrix Transit GW for TGW Attachment

The Aviatrix Transit GW created in Step 4 does not build an IPSEC tunnel to AWS Transit Gateway. The networking between AWS Transit Gateway and the Aviatrix Transit GW is via the AWS VPC infrastructure.

This step designates an Aviatrix Transit GW to be used in conjunction with the AWS Transit Gateway. It creates a second Ethernet interface eth1 on the Aviatrix Transit GW for sending and receiving packets from AWS Transit Gateway. It also creates two subnets, -tgw-ingress and -tgw-egress and two respective route tables in the edge VPC to route packets to and from AWS Transit Gateway.

prepare_tgw_attach

Setting Value
Account Name An Aviatrix account that corresponds to an IAM role or account in AWS. This account is for launching Transit gateway. It does not need to be the same account as AWS Transit Gateway creator.
Gateway Namen Select a Transit GW from the drop down menu.

6. Attach Aviatrix Transit GW to TGW

This step attaches the Aviatrix Edge VPC to the AWS Transit Gateway and the Aviatrix Edge Domain, thus allowing the Aviatrix Transit GW to send and receive packets from AWS Transit Gateway.

In this step, route entries are added to the two created private subnet route tables as described in the table below.

subnet route table route entry description
-tgw-egress (for eth1) -tgw-egress 0.0.0.0/0 -> TGW for traffic from Aviatrix Transit GW to TGW
-tgw-ingress -tgw-ingress 0.0.0.0/0 -> eth1 for traffic from TGW to Aviatrix Transit GW

Note

There is no IPSEC tunnel between AWS Transit Gateway and the Aviatrix Transit GW, the Aviatrix GW behaves as an EC2 instance in a Spoke VPC (The Aviatrix edge VPC) attached to the AWS Transit Gateway, as shown in the diagram below. Such setup allows Aviatrix edge VPC to leverage the high performance provided by AWS Transit Gateway.

transit_complete

After you finish Step 4, 5 and 6, your hybrid connection setup is complete. In the above example, if you have any Spoke VPCs attached to the prod_domain, EC2 instances should be able to communicate with on-prem. (Make sure instance security groups and any on-prem firewalls are configured properly.)


This section consists of TGW native VPN and Direct Connect functions.

Since TGW does not propagate learned routes from DXGW or VPN to Spoke VPCs, Aviatrix Controller solves this problem by periodically polling the TGW route table and programming the learned routes to attached Spoke VPCs.

Setup AWS Transit Gateway VPN Connection

This section configures a native VPN connection from TGW. It takes two steps: first configure, then download the configuration.

Step 7 Setup VPN Connection

This step creates a VPN connection in TGW Default_Domain.

Setting Value
AWS Transit Gateway Name The name of a TGW created by TGW Plan by Aviatrix Controller
Connection Name A unique name for the VPN connection
Remote Public IP Remote site public IP address
Dynamic (BGP) or Static Use BGP to connect to remote site or static IP
Remote CIDRs When Static is selected, enter a list of CIDRs separated by comma.
Remote AS Number When Dynamic is selected, enter the AS number of the remote site.

Step 8 Download VPN Configuration

Refresh the screen to see the newly created VPN connection.

If Static VPN is configured, you must go to AWS Console -> VPC -> Site-to-Site VPN Connections to download the configuration file.

If Dynamic VPN is configured, click the Download to download the configuration.

Setup AWS Transit Gateway Direct Connect

This section configures a native Direct Connect from TGW. This step can take more than 10 minutes for the connection to be ready.

Step 7 Setup Direct Connect

This step assumes that you have created Direct Connect Gateway and Transit Virtual Interface from AWS Console.

Note

You may need to update the Controller IAM policies for this function.

Setting Value
AWS Transit Gateway Name The name of a TGW created by TGW Plan
Direct Connect Gateway Account Name The Aviatrix Access Account name that created AWS Direct Connect Gateway
AWS Direct Connect Gateway The AWS Direct Connect Gateway you created from AWS Console
Allowed Prefix A list of comma separated CIDRs for DXGW to advertise to remote (on-prem)

Step 8 Update Direct Connect Network Prefix

Use this step to update the “Allowed Prefix” to advertise to on-prem.


This section consists of delete functions.

Note

To delete an Aviatrix Transit GW attached to a AWS Transit Gateway, go through Step 7 and Step 8 listed below. Then go to Controller Gateway page to terminate the gateway instance.

Detach Aviatrix Transit GW from TGW

This step is the opposite of Step 6. It removes the private subnet route entries respectively.

Disable Aviatrix Transit GW for TGW function

This step deletes the eth1 interface and other resources associated with the Aviatrix Transit GW from AWS Transit Gateway Orchestrator.

Delete Security Domain

This step delete a security domain created in Step 2.

Delete AWS TGW

This step delete the AWS Transit Gateway created in Step 1.